Deshabandu Muttiah Muralitharan , a Sri Lankan cricket coach, businessman, former professional cricketer and an inductee into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. At an average of more than six wickets per match in Test cricket, Muralitharan is widely regarded as the most successful bowler in international cricket. Muralitharan is the sole bowler to have taken 800 Test wickets as well as more than 531 One Day International (ODI) wickets. In 2022, he’s been the most wicket-taking bowler for international cricket than anyone else.
Muralitharan’s international career was blighted by controversy surrounding his bowling technique. Due to an unusually high extension of his bent, congenital arm during delivery, his bowling style was questioned several times by umpires and a section members of the Cricket community. Following a biomechanical study under simulated playing conditions, his action was approved through the International Cricket Council, first in 1996 and later in 1999.
Muralitharan was the highest position on the international cricket council’s player rankings of Test bowlers for an unprecedented period of 1,711 consecutive days that included the 214 Test games. He became the top scorer of wickets in the Test game when he surpassed the record-holder Shane Warne on 3 December 2007. Muralitharan had held the record after he beat Courtney Walsh’s 519 wickets back in 2004 however he sustained shoulder injuries later in the year and was eventually overtaken by Warne. Muralitharan got his wicket from Gautam Gambhir on February 5, 2009 at Colombo to beat Wasim Akram’s ODI record of 502 wickets. He resigned from cricket in the year 2010 and took his 800th wicket and the final one on 22 July 2010 , which was the final ball of his final Test match.
Muralitharan was rated as the top cricketer in the world by Wisden’s Cricketers’ Almanac in 2002. In 2017, he was his first Sri Lankan cricketer to be admitted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. He was awarded the Ada Derana Sri Lankan of the Award in 2017.
|Full name||Muttiah Muralitharan|
|Born||17 April 1972
|Height||5 ft 7 in (1.70 m)|
|Bowling||Right-arm off break|
|Test debut (cap 54)||28 August 1992 v Australia|
|Last Test||18 July 2010 v India|
|ODI debut (cap 70)||12 August 1993 v India|
|Last ODI||2 April 2011 v India|
|ODI shirt no.||8|
|T20I debut (cap 13)||22 December 2006 v New Zealand|
|Last T20I||31 October 2010 v Australia|
|Domestic team information|
|1999, 2001, 2005, 2007||Lancashire|
|2008–2010||Chennai Super Kings|
|2011||Kochi Tuskers Kerala|
|2012–2014||Royal Challengers Bangalore|
Source: ESPNcricinfo, 8 January 2014
The early years and the personal life
Muralitharan was born on 17 April 1972 into an Hill Country Tamil Hindu family in Kandy, Sri Lanka, the fourth and eldest children of Sinnasamy Muttiah as well as Lakshmi. Muralitharan’s father Sinnasamy Muttiah, runs a profitable biscuit manufacturing business. The paternal grandfather of Muralitharan’s Periyasamy Sinasamy came to South India to work in the tea plantations in Central Sri Lanka in 1920. Sinasamy then returned to Sri Lanka with his family. where he was born with his daughters , and moved to Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. However, his sons which included Muralitharan’s mother Muttiah were still within Sri Lanka.
At the age of nine older, Muralitharan was sent to St. Anthony’s College in Kandy an exclusive school operated by Benedictine monks. The young man began his cricket career as a medium-pace bowler, but following the guidance of his coach at school, Sunil Fernando, he began off-spin when he was 14 years old. He was soon awed and was able to be a part of the First XI. At the time, he was playing as an all-rounder as well as played in the middle of the order. In his two final seasons with St Anthony’s College he took more than one hundred wickets, and was named in 1990-91 as the Bata High School Cricketer’.
After leaving school, he joined Tamil Union Cricket and Athletic Club and was picked to play in the Sri Lanka A tour of England in the year 1991. He took part in five matches but was unable to take only one wicket. After his return in Sri Lanka he impressed against Border’s Australian team in a training game. He then proceeded for his debut in the Test at the R. Premadasa Stadium in the second test Match of the Series.
His grandfather passed away at the age of 104 in July 2004, Muralitharan returned home from his tour of India to attend the funeral. Periyasamy Sinasamy’s dream to have Muralitharan winning the world record in terms of most wickets taken in a Test was fulfilled (passing his record, set by Courtney Walsh), but it was not his intention to witness his son’s wedding. Muralitharan’s grandmother died a month prior aged 97. Muralitharan’s manager Kushil Gunasekera, said the following “Murali’s family is tightly knit and unifying. They adhere to the traditional values. The late grandfather had a close connection and friendship with Murali.”
Muralitharan got married to Madhimalar Ramamurthy, a Chennai native, on the 21st March 2005. Madhimalar is the son of deceased doctor S. Ramamurthy of Malar Hospitals along with his partner Dr Nithya Ramamurthy. Their first baby, Naren, was born in the month of January in 2006.
Muttiah Muralitharan has Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) and does not require a visa when traveling to India. Based on his management Kushil Gunasekera Muralitharan has the right to this status due to the fact that his family is from India. Muttiah announced on April 3, 2011 that he would be retiring from all sports.